Siena is one of the most artistic cities in Italy, with important and famous monuments, palaces and squares, including: Piazza del Campo, one of the most beautiful medieval squares in Italy. Located at 322 mt. above sea level in the heart of Tuscany, this city built on three hills, maintaining intact its medieval appearance characterized by narrow winding streets and noble buildings in history. The origin is Etruscan, and was a Roman colony with the name of Saena Julia; its maximum importance grew in the Middle Ages, first by the Lombards and then passed under the Carolingian domination. After a long period of episcopal dominion (9th to ’11th century) the city reached its peak of power after becoming a municipality (1147), by adopting a policy of expansion towards the bordering territories. Confrontation with Florence was inevitable and the struggle lasted, with various vicissitudes, until 1555, when after a long siege, Siena was conquered by the Florentines, losing its autonomy and becoming part of the Duchy, sharing its fortunes until ‘ the unification of Italy (1861).
The Palio of is one of the most famous, beautiful and deeply felt among the Italian popular demonstrations, which combines and maximizes the potential features of a party with religious and civil, a fascinating spectacle, a revival of historical cultural and culminates in a wild horse race in which we make and enhance the pride and ardent spirit of competition of the Contrade. These are singular institutions whose origin dates back to centuries. XV, which currently correspond to the seventeen districts of the city according to the territorial boundaries established by a notice issued January 7, 1730 by Governor of Siena Violante of Bavaria. Each of them has its own headquarters, its own church (distinct and independent from the parish), a museum with Palios won, numerous ancient and modern relics, and is governed by a “Seat” (Council) chaired by the popular election a Prior and supported by a Captain who assumes full powers over the conduct of the race.
The Contrade, located in three neighborhoods of the city, are distinguished by their emblems and their colors. The Palio is over 2 times all ‘year on July 2 “Palio in honor of the Madonna di Provenzano” and August 16 “Palio of the’ Assunta.” The phases of the Palio begin four days before, with the “is” selection of ten horses deemed suitable for the race win and the ‘award for drawing at ten participating districts, following the six tests that are run in the morning and evening.